This conservation plan is a non-statutory document commissioned to provide initial detailed information to Council staff involved in the care and management of heritage features in the Botanic Gardens and Hagley Park.

COVID-19 update: The Botanic Gardens is closed

The Government is asking for everyone to stay at home. Their advice is that you can go for a walk or exercise outdoors for a short time, but to stick to simple walks or exercise spots close to home. 

We’ve closed all of our Council facilities until further notice, to support the Government’s fight against COVID-19. This includes the Botanic Gardens.

The following are also closed:

  • Public toilets.
  • Playgrounds, play equipment or exercise equipment in parks.
  • Car parks within parks.
  • Visitor and information centres.
  • The Spencer Park animal area and fenced dog parks.
  • All Council-owned sports facilities

Unite Against Covid-19, visit covid19.govt.nz.

About the plan

This plan was commissioned in 2010 by the City Environment Group of the Christchurch City Council to implement Project 5 of the Hagley Park/Botanic Gardens Master Plan 2007 to prepare a heritage conservation plan for both Hagley Park and the Christchurch Botanic Gardens.

The purpose of the conservation plan is to ensure that the heritage values of these places are properly accounted for in the management, use and development of the said places. The plan is not intended to be a definitive or full account of the heritage in these places, nor the final word on conservation measures needed to be taken. It does not constitute any commitment on the Council.  Instead, it will serve as a resource at the time the two statutory management plans are reviewed, by informing that work.

The conservation plan will inform future review of the Hagley Park Management Plan and the Christchurch Botanic Gardens Management Plan.

The three volumes of the plan, broken down into accessible downloadable sections, are included below for general public information.

Volume 1: History

Section  
Introduction
1.1 Executive summary
1.2 Background
1.3 Methodology
1.4 Legal description

2. Chronological summaries

2.1 Hagley Park
2.2 Botanic Gardens

3. Development history

3.1 Pre-European landscape to 1852
3.1.1 Landscape before 1843
3.1.2 Early Māori occupation and use
3.1.3 1837 to 1843
3.1.4 Tangata whenua history during early European settlement
3.1.5 Canterbury Association Reserves
3.1.5.1 Map of the Domain and Hagley Park, 1850
3.2 Enoch Barker 1859/1860-1867
3.2.1 The Domain and Acclimatisation Society grounds
3.2.2 The greater Domain landscape
3.2.3 Horticultural Society
3.2.4 Hagley Park
3.2.4.1 Map of the Domain and Hagley Park, 1867 
download document [PDF, 3.6 MB]
3.3 John and Joseph Armstrong 1867-1889
3.3.1 The Domain
3.3.2 The Acclimatisation Society grounds
3.3.2.1 Map of the Domain, 1889
3.3.3 Hagley Park
3.3.3.1 Map of Hagley Park, 1889
download document [PDF, 4.2 MB] 
3.4 Ambrose Taylor 1889-1907
3.4.1 The Domain
3.4.2 The Acclimatisation Society grounds
3.4.3 Hagley Park
3.5 James Dawes 1907-1908
3.5.1 The Domain and Hagley Park
download document [PDF, 5.4 MB]
3.6 James Young 1908-1932
3.6.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.6.2 The Acclimatisation Society grounds
3.6.2.1 Map of the Domain, 1933
download document [PDF, 5.9 MB]
3.6.3 Hagley Park
3.6.3.1 Map of Hagley Park, 1933
3.7 James McPherson 1933-1945
3.7.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.7.2 Hagley Park
download document [PDF, 5.8 MB]
3.8 Brendon Mansfield 1945-1948
3.8.1 The Botanic Gardens and Hagley Park
3.9 Morris Barnett 1946-1955
3.9.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.9.1.1 Map of the Domain, 1955
3.9.2 Hagley Park
3.9.2.1 Map of Hagley Park, 1955
3.10 Huia Gilpin 1955-1979
3.10.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.10.2 Hagley Park
download document [PDF, 4.3 MB] 
3.11 Alan Jolliffe 1978-1982
3.11.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.11.2 Hagley Park
3.12 Warwick Scaddon 1982-2003
3.12.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.12.2 Hagley Park
3.13 David Given 2003-2005
3.13.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.13.2 Hagley Park
3.14 John Clemens 2009-present
3.14.1 The Botanic Gardens
3.14.1.1 Map of the Botanic Gardens, 2012
3.14.2 Hagley Park
3.14.2.1 Map of Hagley Park, 2012

4. People associated with each place

4.1 Commissioners and Domains Board members
4.2 Head Gardeners, Curators and Operations Managers
4.3 Other Gardens and Council staff
4.4 Other associated groups
4.5 Acclimatisation Society Curators

5. Bibliography

5.1 Primary Sources
5.2 Journals and Periodicals
5.3 Books
5.4 Theses, reports and unpublished papers
5.5 Newspapers
5.6 Websites.
5.7 Cartographic material
5.8 Architectural plans
5.9 Photographs and postcards
5.10 Other
download document [PDF, 3.7 MB] 
6 Appendices
1 Lease agreement to depasture Hagley Park, 1852
2 R. J. Harman's license to depasture stock, 1852
3 Plants under cultivation in economic nursery
4 Description of the Gardens, 1884
5 'Bye-laws' (sic) Botanic Gardens and Hagley Park, 1892
6 Tree measurements, Botanic Gardens 1916
download document [PDF, 4.9 MB] 
7 Plans of proposed layout of Rose Garden
8 List of significant, ceremonial etc tree
9 ICOMOS New Zealand Charter, 2010
10 Florence Charter, 1981
download document [PDF, 3.9 MB] 

Volume 2: Hagley Park

Section  
1 Analysis & assessment of components and collections
1.1 General
1.1.1 Location
1.1.2 Physical description
1.2 Analysis of Hagley Park as a whole
1.2.1 Setting
1.2.2 Landscape character
1.3 Heritage values
1.3.1 Assessment of heritage values 
1.3.2 Degree of heritage significance
1.3.3 Ranking of significance
1.3.4 Significant site fabric location map
1.4. Modified natural features
1.4.1 Avon River/Ōtākaro
1.5 Planted fabric
1.5.1 Early, associative and rare plantings
1.6 Spatial structure
1.6.1 Spatial organisation and design
1.7 Infrastructure
1.7.1 Paths 
1.7.2.1 Armagh Street Bridge 
1.7.2.2 Helmore's Lane Bridge
download document [PDF, 4.6 MB] 
1.8 Boundary treatments
1.8.1 Dynes Gates
1.8.2 MacGibbon Gates
1.8.3 Woodland Gates
1.8.4 Mickle Gates
1.9 Buildings
1.9.1 Footballers Memorial Pavilion
1.9.2 Bandsmens' Memorial Pavilion
1.9.3 Nurses' Memorial Chapel
download document [PDF, 4.1 MB] 
1.9.4 Umpires' Pavilion
1.10 Furnishings
1.10.1 Victoria Lake
1.10.2 Lake Albert
1.10.3 Pilgrim's Well
1.10.4 Godley Memorial
1.10.5 Methodist Markers
1.10.6 Pilgrim's Sentinel Stone
1.10.7 Other commemorative plaques
1.11 Archival Record
1.11.1 Domains Board minutes etc
1.11.2 Glass case library
1.13 Place names
1.14 Archaeology
1.15 Tabular summary of significance values
download document [PDF, 3.5 MB] 
2. Statement of significance values
2.1 Summary statement of significance

3. Framework for conservation

3.1 Statutory and regulatory requirements
3.2 Non-regulatory directives and requirements
3.3 Particular requirements and constraints

4. Conservation policies

4.1 Policies – archaeology and landscape
4.2 Policies – buildings
download document [PDF, 1.1 MB] 
5. Appendices
1 Map showing areas of possible archaeological potential
2 Table showing unconfirmed plantings
3 ICOMOS New Zealand Charter
4 Florence Charter, 1981
5 NZHPT Archaeological requirements
download document [PDF, 2.6 MB]

Volume 3: Botanic Gardens

Section  
1 Analysis & assessment of components and collections
1.1 General
1.1.1 Location
1.1.2 Physical description
1.2 Analysis of the Botanic Gardens as a whole
1.2.1 Setting
1.2.2 Landscape character
1.3 Heritage values
1.3.1 Assessment of heritage values
1.3.2 Degree of heritage significance
1.3.3 Ranking of significance
1.3.4 Significant site fabric location map
1.4. Modified natural features
1.4.1 Sand hill/Pine Mound
1.4.2 Avon River/Ōtākaro
1.5 Planted fabric
1.5.1 Commemorative trees
1.5.2 Early, associative and rare plantings
1.5.3 Annual bedding display
1.6 Spatial structure
1.6.1 Spatial organisation and design
1.7 Infrastructure
1.7.1 Paths
1.7.2 Bridges
download document [PDF, 4.7 MB] 
1.8 Boundary treatments
1.8.1 Brick wall and gate
1.8.2 Rolleston Avenue stone wall
1.8.3 Rolleston Avenue gates
1.9 Memorial structures
1.9.1 Eveleyn Couzins Memorial Gateway
1.9.2 H.F. Herbert Memorial Pavilion
1.10 Buildings
1.10.1 Curator's House
1.10.2 Cuningham House
download document [PDF, 5 MB]
1.10.3 Magnetic Observatory Workshop
1.10.4 Tea Kiosk
1.11 Furnishings
1.11.1 Peacock Fountain
1.11.2 Moorhouse Statue
download document [PDF, 4.2 MB] 
1.11.3 Rolleston Statue
1.11.4 Hunter Sundial
1.11.5 Stevenson Sundial
1.11.6 Jamieson tazze
1.11.7 Townend Putti
1.11.8 Bronze cranes
1.11.9 Scott statues
1.11.10 Commemorative markers
1.11.11 Seats
1.12 Archival records
1.13 Place names
1.14 Archaeology
1.15 Tabular summary of significance values

2. Statement of significance values

2.1 Summary statement of significance

3. Framework for conservation

3.1 Statutory and regulatory requirements
3.2 Non-regulatory directives and requirements
3.3 Particular requirements and constraints

4. Conservation policies

4.1 Policies – archaeology and landscape
4.2 Policies – buildings
download document [PDF, 4.1 MB]
5. Appendices
5.1 Map showing areas of possible archaeological potential
5.2 Table showing unconfirmed plantings
5.3 Eveleyn Couzins Memorial Gateway Plan
5.4 Plans for 1872 Gardener's House
5.5 Cuningham House Plans
5.6 Rolleston Sundial
5.7 Head Gardener's residences
5.8 ICOMOS New Zealand Charter, 2010
5.9 Florence Charter, 1981
5.10 NZHPT Archaeological requirements
download document [PDF, 4.3 MB]