A home occupation is a business carried out within a residential unit by someone who lives permanently in that unit. The business activity must be secondary to the residential use of the property.
Changes have been made to some of the District Plan rules for home occupations.
The information below has been updated to reflect Plan Change 5D.
Home occupations are permitted in all residential zones other than the Residential Central City zone if the following standards are met:
If any of the above standards cannot be met, a resource consent is required for the home occupation.
The application must address the effects resulting from the scale and type of the business, traffic generation, access safety and hours of operation, depending on which particular standards are not met.
In the Residential Central City zone, any non-residential activity that is not already provided for under other rules is permitted, if it meets the following standards:
If any of the above standards cannot be met, a resource consent is required for the home occupation as a non-complying activity.
Home occupations are permitted in the Rural Banks Peninsula, Urban Fringe, Waimakariri and Port Hills zones if the following standards are met:
If any of the above standards cannot be met, a resource consent is required for the home occupation. The application must address the effects resulting from the scale of the activity.
Businesses involving the sale of food or drinks from a property are not permitted as home occupations.
These are referred to in the District Plan as food and beverage outlets, and include activities such as takeaways, food trucks, coffee carts, sale of baked items, etc., where the food or drink is being consumed straight away.
This includes direct sales from a property and selling food for pick-up by a delivery service but doesn't include preparing food to sell in bulk somewhere else.
A resource consent is needed to run these types of businesses from a residential or rural-zoned property so that the effects on neighbours, the wider area, and the street can be considered.
Provision of on-site car parking is optional, but if any visitor or staff parking is provided a mobility park must also be provided. Any car parking provided must also meet the requirements for design of parking spaces, access, etc.
Visitor, courier and staff parking areas must be located on the property itself and not in the road boundary setback (the area between the front of the building and the road) or on a shared driveway area.
Cycle parks are required if the home occupation uses more than 10% of the gross floor area of the residential unit (including garage etc). The number of cycle parks required will be a combination of those required for the residential activity (1 cycle park if the residential unit doesn't have a garage) plus any cycle parks required for the home occupation activity.
Examples of the cycle parking requirements for typical activities undertaken as home occupations:
|Type of home occupation||Visitor cycle parking requirement||Staff cycle parking requirement|
|Commercial service (e.g. hairdresser)||1 space per 500m2 gross floor area||1 space per 200m2 gross floor area|
|Office||20% of the staff requirement (minimum 2 spaces) outside the Central City; 1 space per 500m2 gross floor area within the Central City||1 space per 150m2 gross floor area|
For more information please email our Duty Planner
A home occupation will trigger a development contributions assessment only when an application for land use consent, building consent, service connection or certificate of acceptance is required.
Depending on the proposed use, a home occupation will be assessed either using the proposed floor area, or the actual proposed usage (e.g. anticipated water use and trip generation).
The District Plan also allows the following other work-from-home activities in Residential zones:
If the above standards cannot be met, a resource consent is required.
Changing the use of a building, or part of a building, can require building consent or a written notification to the Council about the change.
Where a home-based business activity has employees that travel to the home to work, then the activity most likely constitutes a change of use under the Building Act for at least part of the building, as the primary users are different to the home's occupants for the parts of the building being used for the business activity.
If you have any questions or would like further information please email our Duty Planner.