Noke, noke, neke, neke, nuku, nuku, nā. Even worms are doing their thing for the environment!

Three schoolchildren sift through some earth observed by a teacherA programme aimed at junior students to discover the important role worms can play in our waste management system.

Students search for worms, create their own mini worm farm to take back to school, and learn how to care for these amazing creatures.

Year level 0 to 4
Curriculum level 1 to 2
Availability Year-round
Times 9.30am to 11.30am, or
12.30pm to 2.30pm
Sites EcoDepot/EcoDrop Metro Place Bromley,
Curator's House Botanic Gardens 
Cost Free
Number of students Maximum of 30
Requirements Each student needs to bring an empty, clean 1.5 litre plastic soft drink bottle and a newspaper.

Programme outline

Key concepts

Sustainability, personal and social responsibility for action, waste heirarchy, natural cycles for dealing with waste, wormfarming, organic waste.

Lesson description/intentions

Students will discover the magic of worm casts – the result of busy worms transforming kitchen organics into great compost for our soils. During this programme, students will discuss the importance of reducing, reusing and recycling. Specifically designed for young children, this guided process will help students build a worm farm to take home.

Possible success criteria

Students may be able to:

  • explain at least one way that we can reduce waste in our lives
  • show how to make a simple worm farm out of reused materials
  • describe how worms recycle food and other organic materials that can then be used to grow new plants
  • Identify actions they can take to encourage better use of organic resources in their lives.

Key competencies

  • Participating and contributing – students will become actively involved in exploring sustainable choices in order to reduce waste.
  • Managing self – having correctly followed the process of making a worm farm on our programme, students will then be challenged to build and maintain a worm farm at home or school.
Learning areas Strands Curriculum level Achievement objectives
Technology Technological practice 1 Planning for practice
Technology Technological practice 1 and 2 Brief development
Technology Technological practice 1 and 2 Brief development

Technological systems
Technology Nature of technology 1 and 2 Characteristics of technology

Characteristics of technological outcomes
Science Living world 1 and 2 Life processes

Science Material world 1 and 2 Properties of matter
Science Nature of science 1 and 2 Investigating in science

Participating and contributing
Science Planet Earth and beyond 1 and 2 Earth systems

Interacting features
Social sciences Resources and economic activities 1 Understands that people have different roles and responsibilities as part of their participation in groups
Social sciences Place and environment 2 Understand that people have social, cultural and economic roles, rights and responsibilities

Understand how people make choices to meet their needs and wants
Health and physical education Personal health and physical development 1 and 2 A3 Safety management
Health and physical education Relationships with other people 1 C3 Interpersonal skills
Health and physical education Healthy communities and environments 2 D3 Rights, responsibilities and laws


"The children were engaged all the time and asked some very interesting questions. The educator was very helpful with ideas about how to make a school worm farm." – Teacher, Years 1–3