Quality of life and wellbeing is often impacted by the ability to live comfortably, with income being a major influence.

Personal income – median

  • The median personal income in 2018 was $32,900, an increase of 10% since 2013.
  • The city's median annual personal income increased from $29,800 in 2013 to $32,900, an increase of $3100.

Personal income – source(s)

Household income – median

  • The city's median household income was $73,900 in 2018, which was up from $65,300 in 2013.
  • The national median household income was $75,700 in 2018.
  • Just over 46,000 households (36%) in Christchurch were earning $100,001 or more in 2018.  This was up from 28% in 2013.
  • The percentage of households with an income of $30,000 or less decreased from 21% to 19% between 2013 and 2018.

The inner north-west suburbs (Holmwood and Fendalton SA2s), outer northern suburbs (Regents Park and Clearwater SA2s) and outer south-west suburbs (Port Hills, Westmorland, Cashmere East and Clifton Hill SA2s) were the parts of the City with the highest median household incomes in Christchurch, at over $120,000.

Areas with the lowest median household incomes (less than $52,000) included:

  • Northern suburbs (Northlands and Papanui North SA2s)
  • Eastern parts of the city (Avonside, Aranui, Lancaster Park and Phillipstown SA2s)
  • Around the university (Riccarton Central, Upper Riccarton and Bush Inn SA2s).


  • The New Zealand Index of Deprivation is a valuable tool for understanding a community's socio-economic make-up, as well as enabling planning and decision making around a community's needs. Nationally, each NZDep decile contains about 10% of small areas in New Zealand.
  • In 2018, the proportion of the Christchurch population living in areas deemed most deprived (Decile 10) was around 5% (around 19,300 people), compared with 10% nationally. This was up from 3.9% in 2013.
  • In 2018, the proportion of people living in the least deprived areas (Decile 1) was around 12% (45,000 people), compared with 10% nationally. This was a lower proportion than in 2013 (14.6%).
  • An interactive map down to SA1 level (approximately street block level) showing deprivation by quintile is available here(external link).

Explore more data

Interactive data and further links are available on Statistics New Zealand's website:

1. View and download census data relating to income from Statistic New Zealand's 2018 Census page(external link).

2. View Statistics New Zealand's Employment and unemployment(external link) page for further information and links.

3. View and download 2018 Deprivation Index(external link) data, showing deprivation scores for SA1 and SA2 areas (which broadly relate to street block and suburbs respectively).

Information about this data

  • Sources of personal income identifies all the various sources from which a person aged 15 years and over received income in the 12 months ending 6 March 2018. Statistics New Zealand collects personal, family and household income data through its five-yearly Census(external link).
  • NZDep2018 combines nine variables from the 2018 census which reflect eight dimensions of deprivation. NZDep2018 deprivation scores apply to areas rather than individual people.

The NZDep2018 index of deprivation ordinal scale ranges from 1 to 10, where 1 represents the areas with the least deprived scores and 10 the areas with the most deprived scores.

The NZDep2018 scale of deprivation from 1 to 10 divides New Zealand into tenths of the distribution of the first principal component scores. For example, a value of 10 indicates that the SA1 (or meshblock) is in the most deprived 10 per cent of our small areas in New Zealand, according to the NZDep2018 scores.

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