Home ownership has traditionally been associated with higher levels of household security and stability.

Rental accommodation and short tenure arrangements means that renters are generally likely to be more transitory and face more uncertainty over housing.



Key findings

Dwelling ownership Decreasing trend

In 2013, 35% of households did not own the dwelling that they usually lived in.

The number of occupied private dwellings not owned by the usual resident(s) has increased during each census period since 1991. Further information.

Private landlord  Increasing trendIncreasingTrend

The majority of rented occupied private dwellings are owned by private sector landlords (83% in 2013).

This proportion has increased steadily since the 1991 census. Further information.

City Council landlord Decreasing trend

In 2013, 4.7% of rented dwellings were owned by the Christchurch City Council. This has gradually decreased since 1991. Further information.

Housing New Zealand landlord  Decreasing trend

In 2013, 12% of rented dwellings were owned by Housing New Zealand. 

The number of Housing New Zealand landlord dwellings dropped sharply between 1991 and 1996.  This decrease has continued through to 2013, but at a much slower rate. Further information.

Ownership of dwelling

Dwelling ownership has been decreasing over the last two decades. In 1991, just under one quarter of households (24%) did not own the dwelling in which they usually lived. By 2013, this had increased to 35%. 

Numerically, the number of houses not owned the the usual resident(s) has increased from 26,200 to 43,000 between 1991 and 2013.

When the 'owned/partly owned' category is combined with the 'held in a family trust' category (which was classed separately from 2006 onwards), ownership has decreased from 85,900 dwellings to 79,100 between 2006 and 2013.

Christchurch City has followed the national trend of declining home ownership since 1991. In 1991, around 76% of Christchurch households owned the dwelling they lived in, similar to the national proportion.

By 2013, this had reduced to 65%, mirroring the national rate.

Landlord type

In 2013, 83% of rented occupied private dwellings in Christchurch had a private landlord. This has increased from 63% in 1991.

The proportion of rented dwellings owned by social service providers has been decreasing since 1991. Almost one quarter of rented dwellings were owned by Housing New Zealand in 1991, compared with 12% in 2013.

Over the same period, the proportion of rented dwellings which had the Christchurch City Council (or associated housing trust(external link)) as the landlord decreased from 8.4% to 4.7%.


Further information

Please email monitor@ccc.govt.nz for further information.

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Every effort has been made to ensure accuracy in processing, analysing and reporting the information provided in these web pages and reports. However, the Christchurch City Council gives no warranty that the information in these web pages and reports contain no errors. The Council shall not be liable for any loss or damage suffered consequent upon the use directly, or indirectly, of the information supplied in this publication.